The concept of Utopia that exist in three Jiro Akagawas Japanese contemporary novel, described the condition of Japan society nowadays. In the relationship concept that relies on hierarchy and closeness relationship between persona in Japan, Akagawa tried to think out of the box. Akagawas novel is a mystery novel focusing on society, mostly about the characteristic that influenced by the Uchi and Soto concept. These concepts made Japan society divided into inner group and outer group. Also, this concept made the Japan society not very active in making a relationship outside her/him self. In the style of Akagawas satire, he described this idea in his novels to convey the message to the reader.
Novianti N. (2010). UNSUR UTOPIA DALAM 3 NOVEL KONTEMPORER JEPANG KARYA JIRO AKAGAWA. Humaniora, 1 (2), 645-657.